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Cyprus /ˈsaɪprəs/ (Greek: Κύπρος [ˈcipros]; Turkish: Kıbrıs [ˈkɯbɾɯs]), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Greek: Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία; Turkish: Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti), is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea. Cyprus is the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean, and a member state of the European Union. It is located south of Turkey, west of Syria and Lebanon, northwest of Israel, north of Egypt and east of Greece.

The earliest known human activity on the island dates to around the 10th millennium BC. Archaeological remains from this period include the well-preserved Neolithic village of Khirokitia, and Cyprus is home to some of the oldest water wells in the world. Cyprus was settled by Mycenaean Greeks in two waves in the 2nd millennium BC. At a strategic location in the Middle East, it was subsequently occupied by several major powers, including the empires of the Assyrians, Egyptians and Persians, from whom the island was seized in 333 BC by Alexander the Great. Subsequent rule by Ptolemaic Egypt, the Roman Empire, the Byzantines, Arab caliphates for a short period, the French Lusignan dynasty and the Venetians, was followed by over three centuries of Ottoman control.

Cyprus was placed under British administration in 1878 until it was granted independence in 1960, becoming a member of the Commonwealth the following year. In 1974, seven years after the intercommunal violence between Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots, an attempted coup d'état by Greek Cypriot nationalists and elements of the Greek military junta with the aim of achieving enosis (union of the island with Greece) took place. Turkey used this as a pretext to invade the northern portion of the island. Turkish forces remained after a cease-fire, resulting in the partition of the island; an objective of Turkey since 1955. The intercommunal violence and subsequent Turkish invasion led to the displacement of over 150,000 Greek Cypriots and 50,000 Turkish Cypriots, and the establishment of a separate Turkish Cypriot political entity in the north. These events and the resulting political situation are matters of a continuing dispute.

The Republic of Cyprus has de jure sovereignty over the island of Cyprus and its surrounding waters, according to international law, except for the British Overseas Territory of Akrotiri and Dhekelia, administered as Sovereign Base Areas. However, the Republic of Cyprus is de facto partitioned into two main parts; the area under the effective control of the Republic, comprising about 59% of the island's area, and the Turkish-controlled area in the north, calling itself the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus and recognised only by Turkey, covering about 36% of the island's area. The international community considers the northern part of the island as territory of the Republic of Cyprus illegally occupied by Turkish forces.

Cyprus is a major tourist destination in the Mediterranean. An advanced, high-income economy with a very high Human Development Index, the Republic of Cyprus was a founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement until it joined the European Union on 1 May 2004. On 1 January 2008, the Republic of Cyprus joined the Eurozone.


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Country: Cyprus
Telephone country code: +357
Coordinates: Latitude: 35°0'0" N; Longitude: 33°0'0" E;
Aliases (In other languages): Bahasa Indonesia: Siprus Deutsch: Zypern English: Cyprus Française: Chypre Italiano: Cipro Nederlands: Cyprus Norsk bokmål: Kypros Polski: Cypr Português: Chipre Română: Cipru Slovenčina: Cyprus Suomi: Kypros Svenska: Cypern Türkçe: Kıbrıs Ελληνικά: Κύπρος Беларуская: Кіпр Български: Кипър Еspañol: Chipre Русский: Кипр Українська: Кіпр العربية: قبرص فارسی: قبرس हिन्दी: साइप्रस 中國: 塞浦路斯 日本語: キプロス 한국어: 키프로스
More names:
An Chipir, Chip, Chipre - Kypros, Chipre - Κύπρος, Chipro, Cipar, Ciper, Cipra, Cipri, Ciprus, Cong hoa Sip, Cypro, Cộng hòa Síp, Gueney Kibris Rum Kesimi, Güney Kıbrıs Rum Kesimi, Izinga rya Shipure, Kibris, Kibris Cumhuriyeti, Kipar, Kipr, Kipr Respublikasi, Kipr Respublikası, Kipra, Kipras, Kiprenez, Kipriaki Dhimokratia, Kipriakí Dhimokratía, Kipro, Kipros, Kipru, Kipur, Kobros, Kuepros, Kueprus, Kuprosi, Kypr, Kypriaki Dimokratia, Kypriakí Dimokratía, Kyproksen tasavalta, Kyprus, Kypur, Kîpros, Küpros, Küprus, Kýpros, Kýpur, Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti, Orileede Kurusi, Orílẹ́ède Kúrúsì, Qipro, Qubrus, Republic of Cyprus, Republiek Zypern, Republik Kiprenez, Republikken Kypros, Saeprɔs, Saipalesi, Saiprus nutome, Shipele, Sifurus, Siipar, Sip, Sip (Cyprus), Sipre, Sipri, Sipuriya, Sypra, Syprus, Síp, Síp (Cyprus), Sípɛlɛ, Sîpri, Taiprus, Xipre, Zipre, caipras, i-Cyprus, kipeuloseu, kipurosu, kipurosu gong he guo, prathes sipras, qbrs, qprysyn, qwprws, qybrs, sa'ipras, sa'iprasa, saipeuleoseu, saipras, saipras's, sai pu lei si, sai pu lu si, sayaprasa, sayprws, sipras, Ċipru, Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία, Кипар, Կիպրոս, קפריסין, سایپروس, قیبرس, ܩܘܦܪܘܣ, सायप्रस, সাইপ্রাস, સાયપ્રસ, ସାଇପ୍ରସ୍, சைப்ரஸ், సైప్రస్, ಸೈಪ್ರಸ್, സൈപ്രസ്സ്, සයිප්‍රසය, ประเทศไซปรัส, ไซปรัส, ໄຊປັຼດ, སཱཡེ་པ་རས྄།, ဆိုက်ပရက်စ်, კვიპროსი, ሳይፕረስ, ស៉ីពរ៍, キプロス共和国, 賽普勒斯, 사이프러스

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Weather Forecast in Cyprus Country

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