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Madagascar, officially the Republic of Madagascar (Malagasy: Repoblikan'i Madagasikara [republiˈkʲan madaɡasˈkʲarə̥]; French: République de Madagascar) and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of Southeast Africa. The nation comprises the island of Madagascar (the fourth-largest island in the world), as well as numerous smaller peripheral islands. Following the prehistoric breakup of the supercontinent Gondwana, Madagascar split from India around 88 million years ago, allowing native plants and animals to evolve in relative isolation. Consequently, Madagascar is a biodiversity hotspot; over 90 percent of its wildlife is found nowhere else on Earth. The island's diverse ecosystems and unique wildlife are threatened by the encroachment of the rapidly growing human population as well as the recently spotted Cane Toad relative which, according to researchers, "could wreac havoc on the unique biodiversity in Madagascar."

Initial human settlement of Madagascar occurred between 350 BC and AD 550 by Austronesian peoples arriving on outrigger canoes from Borneo. These were joined around AD 1000 by Bantu migrants crossing the Mozambique Channel. Other groups continued to settle on Madagascar over time, each one making lasting contributions to Malagasy cultural life. The Malagasy ethnic group is often divided into eighteen or more sub-groups of which the largest are the Merina of the central highlands.

Until the late 18th century, the island of Madagascar was ruled by a fragmented assortment of shifting socio-political alliances. Beginning in the early 19th century, most of the island was united and ruled as the Kingdom of Madagascar by a series of Merina nobles. The monarchy collapsed in 1897 when the island was absorbed into the French colonial empire, from which the island gained independence in 1960. The autonomous state of Madagascar has since undergone four major constitutional periods, termed Republics. Since 1992 the nation has officially been governed as a constitutional democracy from its capital at Antananarivo. However, in a popular uprising in 2009 the last elected president Marc Ravalomanana was made to resign and presidential power was transferred in March 2009 to Andry Rajoelina in a move widely viewed by the international community as a coup d'état.

In 2012, the population of Madagascar was estimated at just over 22 million, 90 percent of whom live on less than two dollars per day. Malagasy and French are both official languages of the state. The majority of the population adheres to traditional beliefs, Christianity, or an amalgamation of both. Ecotourism and agriculture, paired with greater investments in education, health and private enterprise, are key elements of Madagascar's development strategy. Under Ravalomanana these investments produced substantial economic growth but the benefits were not evenly spread throughout the population, producing tensions over the increasing cost of living and declining living standards among the poor and some segments of the middle class.


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Country: Madagascar
Telephone country code: +261
Coordinates: Latitude: 20°0'0" S; Longitude: 47°0'0" E;
Aliases (In other languages): Bahasa Indonesia: Madagaskar Deutsch: Madagaskar English: Madagascar Française: Madagascar Italiano: Madagascar Nederlands: Madagaskar Norsk bokmål: Madagaskar Polski: Madagaskar Português: Madagascar Română: Madagascar Slovenčina: Madagaskar Suomi: Madagaskar Svenska: Madagaskar Türkçe: Madagaskar Ελληνικά: Μαδαγασκάρη Беларуская: Мадагаскар Български: Мадагаскар Еspañol: Madagascar Русский: Мадагаскар Українська: Мадагаскар العربية: مدغشقر فارسی: ماداگاسکار हिन्दी: मैडागास्कर 中國: 马达加斯加 日本語: マダガスカル 한국어: 마다가스카르
More names:
Bukini, Democratic Republic of Madagascar, Grande-Ile, Grande-Terre, Grande-Île, Ile Rouge, La Grand Ile de Madagascar, La Grand Île de Madagascar, Ma-ga-gat-xca, Ma-ga-gat-xca (Madagascar), Ma-đa-gát-xca, Ma-đa-gát-xca (Madagascar), Madagascar and Dependencies, Madagascaria, Madagasika, Madagasikara, Madagasikari, Madagaska, Madagaskaar, Madagaskaera, Madagaska nutome, Madagaskara, Madagaskaras, Madagaskare, Madagaskaro, Madagaskära, Madagaszkar, Madagaszkár, Madagáscar, Madaqaskar, Maddajasska, Maddajaßka, Madegaskari, Malagash Republic, Malagasy Republic, Malgache, Malgache Republic, Matakasika, Orileede Madasika, Orílẹ́ède Madasika, Repoblika Demokratika Malagasy, Repoblika Malagasy, Repoblikan'i Madagasikara, Repoblikan’i Madagasikara, Republic of Madagascar, Republique Democratique de Madagascar, Republique Malgache, Republique de Madagascar, Respublika Madagaskar, République Démocratique de Madagascar, République Malgache, République de Madagascar, Territoire de Madagascar, Territoire de Madagascar et Dependances, Territoire de Madagascar et Dépendances, i-Madagascar, madagaseukaleu, madagaskar, madagaskara, madagasukaru, madagasukaru gong he guo, ma da jia si jia, madakaseukaleu, madakaskar, madgaskar, madghaskr, matakaskar, mdghshqr, mdgsqr, medagaskara, prathes madakaskar, Île Rouge, Мадаґаскар, Республика Мадагаскар, Մադագասկար, מדגסקר, ماداگاسكار, مادغاسکر, مڈغاسکر, मडगास्कर, मडागास्कर, मदागास्कर, मादागास्कर, मेडागास्कर, মাদাগাস্কার, મેડાગાસ્કર, ମାଡାଗାସ୍କର୍, மடகாஸ்கர், మాడ్గాస్కార్, ಮಡಗಾಸ್ಕರ್, മഡഗാസ്കര്‍, ประเทศมาดากัสการ์, มาดากัสการ์, ມາຄາກັສກາ, མ་དཱ་གྷསྐཱར།, မဒဂတ်စကာ, მადაგასკარი, ማዳጋስካር, ម៉ាដាហ្កាស្ការ, マダガスカル共和国, 마다카스카르

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Weather Forecast in Madagascar Country

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