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Sierra Leone (/sɪˈɛərə lɪˈoʊni, -lɪˈoʊn/), officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa that is bordered by Guinea to the northeast, Liberia to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the southwest. Sierra Leone is a constitutional republic with a directly elected president and a unicameral legislature. The country has a tropical climate, with a diverse environment ranging from savannah to rainforests. The country covers a total area of 71,740 km2 (27,699 sq mi) and with an estimated population of 6 million (2011 United Nations estimate).

Sierra Leone is divided into four administrative regions: the Northern Province, Eastern Province, Southern Province and the Western Area; which are subdivided into fourteen districts. Each district has its own directly elected local government known as district council, headed by a council chairman, in whom local executive authority is vested. Freetown is Sierra Leone's capital, its largest city as well as its economic, commercial and political centre. Bo is Sierra Leone's second-largest city and second major economic centre.

Since Independence to present, Sierra Leone's politics has been dominated by two major political parties: the Sierra Leone People's Party (SLPP) and the All People's Congress (APC). Currently all 124 elected seats in the Sierra Leone House of Parliament are held by members of the APC and SLPP political parties

About sixteen ethnic groups inhabit Sierra Leone, each with its own language and custom. The two largest and most influential are the Temne and the Mende. The Temne are predominantly found in the north of the country, while the Mende are predominant in the south-east.

Sierra Leone is a predominantly Muslim country, though with an influential Christian minority. Sierra Leone is regarded as one of the most religiously tolerant countries in the world. Muslims and Christians collaborate and interact with each other peacefully in the country. Religious violence is very rare in Sierra Leone.

Although English is the language of instruction in schools and the official language in government administration, the Krio language (derived from English and several indigenous African languages) is the primary language of communication among Sierra Leone's different ethnic groups, and is spoken by 90% of the country's population. The Krio Language serves to unite the different ethnic groups, especially in their trade and daily interaction with each other.

Sierra Leone has relied on mining, especially diamonds, for its economic base. It is also among the largest producers of titanium and bauxite, a major producer of gold, and has one of the world's largest deposits of rutile. Sierra Leone is home to the third-largest natural harbour in the world. Despite exploitation of this natural wealth, 70% of its people live in poverty.

In 1462, the Portuguese explorer Pedro de Sintra visited this area, naming it Serra Leoa, meaning "Lioness Mountains", for the landscape around Freetown. Posts in Sierra Leone were developed as centres of the Atlantic slave trade, and hundreds of thousands of Africans were transported from the interior to the Americas through trading posts in Sierra Leone. In the late 18th century, the British Crown established a colony at Freetown, for resettlements of freed slaves. About 1,200 Black Loyalists were resettled from Nova Scotia on 11 March 1792; they were mostly African Americans from the former colonies, now the United States. Slaves liberated from illegal trade in the early nineteenth century joined them, and they developed the Krio people and language. In 1808, Freetown became a British Crown colony. In 1896, Britain annexed the interior of the country as a British protectorate, changing its relations with the paramount chiefs.

The united country achieved independence in 1961. Competition among rival groups finally opened into the Sierra Leone Civil War (1991 to 2002), which over more than a decade devastated the country. It left more than 50,000 people dead, much of the country's infrastructure destroyed, and over two million people displaced as refugees in neighbouring countries.


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Country: Sierra Leone
Telephone country code: +232
Coordinates: Latitude: 8°30'0" N; Longitude: 11°30'0" W;
Aliases (In other languages): Bahasa Indonesia: Sierra Leone Deutsch: Sierra Leone English: Sierra Leone Française: Sierra Leone Italiano: Sierra Leone Nederlands: Sierra Leone Norsk bokmål: Sierra Leone Polski: Sierra Leone Português: Serra Leoa Română: Sierra Leone Slovenčina: Sierra Leone Suomi: Sierra Leone Svenska: Sierra Leone Türkçe: Sierra Leone Ελληνικά: Σιέρα Λεόνε Беларуская: Сьера-Леонэ Български: Сиера Леоне Еspañol: Sierra Leona Русский: Сьерра Леоне Українська: Сіерра Леоне العربية: سيراليون فارسی: سیرالئون हिन्दी: सियारा लिओन 中國: 塞拉利昂 日本語: シエラレオネ 한국어: 시에라리온
More names:
Bulubunduking Leona, Mons Leoninus, Orileede Siria looni, Orílẹ́ède Siria looni, Republic of Sierra Leone, S'era-Leoneh, S'era Leone, S'erra-Leone, Salewo, Seraa liyon, Serra Leoa - Sierra Leone, Siarra Leon, Siela Lione, Siera-Leono, Siera Leon, Siera Leone, Siera Leoni, Siera Leonė, Siera Leonɛ, Sierae-Leone, Sieraleonaen, Sieraleonän, Sierra Leon, Sierra Leone nutome, Sierra Lleona, Sierä-Leône, Sijera Leone, Siraaliyoon, Siyera Leon, Siyera Lewɔni, Siyeralewone, Siérra Leone, Sjerraleone, Syera-Leone, Síerra Leóne, Xi-e-ra Le-on, Xi-e-ra Le-on (Sierra Leone), Xi-ê-ra Lê-ôn, Xi-ê-ra Lê-ôn (Sierra Leone), ciyarra liyon, ciyera liyoni, i-Sierra Leone, pra thes seiyr ra li xon, sai la li ang, seiyr ra li xon, shierareone, si'era le'ona, si'era li'ona, si'erra li'ona, si'ora li'on, sielalion, siela lion, siera-leone, siera leone, siyarale'ona, siyerali'ona, siyerra liyan, siyerra liyon, syralywn, syra lywn, syyr lywn, syېrra lېywnې, С'єра Леоне, С'єрра-Леоне, Сиерра Леоне, Сијера Леоне, Сьерра-Леоне, Сьєрра-Леоне, Սյերա-Լեոնե, סיארה לאונה, סיירה לאונה, سيېررا لېئونې, سیئر لیون, سیرا لیون, سیەرالیۆن, सिएरा लिओन, सिएर्रा लिओन, सियरालेओन, सीएरा लिओन, সিয়েরালিওন, સીએરા લેઓન, ସିଓରା ଲିଓନ୍, சியர்ரா லியோன், சியேரா லியோனி, సియెర్రా లియాన్, ಸಿಯೆರ್ರಾ ಲಿಯೋನ್, സിയേറാ ലിയോണ്‍, ประเทศเซียร์ราลีโอน, เซียร์ราลีโอน, ເຊຍລາສິອອນ, སེ་ཡར་ར། ལིའོན།, სიერა-ლეონე, სიერა ლეონე, ሴራሊዮን, ሴየራ ሌዎን, សេរ៉ាឡេអូន, 시에라 리온

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Weather Forecast in Sierra Leone Country

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