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Syria (/ˈsɪriə/ SIRR-ee-ə ; Arabic: سوريا ‎ or سورية , Sūriyā or Sūrīyah), officially the Syrian Arab Republic, is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest. Its capital Damascus is among the oldest continuously-inhabited cities in the world. A country of fertile plains, high mountains, and deserts, it is home to diverse ethnic and religious groups, including the majority Arab population which includes; Alawite, Druze, Sunni and Christian. Other ethnic groups include; Armenians, Assyrians, Kurds, Yezidi and Turks. Sunni Arabs make up the largest population group in Syria.

In English, the name "Syria" was formerly synonymous with the Levant (known in Arabic as al-Sham) while the modern state encompasses the sites of several ancient kingdoms and empires, including the Eblan civilization of the third millennium BC. In the Islamic era, Damascus was the seat of the Umayyad Caliphate and a provincial capital of the Mamluk Sultanate in Egypt.

The modern Syrian state was established after the first World War as a French mandate, and represented the largest Arab state to emerge from the formerly Ottoman-ruled Arab Levant. It gained independence in April 1946, as a parliamentary republic. The post-independence period was tumultuous, and a large number of military coups and coup attempts shook the country in the period 1949–1971. Between 1958 and 1961, Syria entered a brief union with Egypt, which was terminated by a military coup. Syria was under Emergency Law from 1963 to 2011, effectively suspending most constitutional protections for citizens, and its system of government is considered to be non-democratic. Bashar al-Assad has been president since 2000 and was preceded by his father Hafez al-Assad, who was in office from 1970 to 2000.

Syria is a member of one international organization other than the United Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement; it is currently suspended from the Arab League and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, and self-suspended from the Union for the Mediterranean. Since March 2011, Syria has been embroiled in civil war in the wake of uprisings (considered an extension of the Arab Spring, the mass movement of revolutions and protests in the Arab world) against Assad and the Ba'athist government. An alternative government was formed by the opposition umbrella group, the Syrian National Coalition, in March 2012. Representatives of this government were subsequently invited to take up Syria's seat at the Arab League.


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Country: Syria
Telephone country code: +963
Coordinates: Latitude: 35°0'0" N; Longitude: 38°0'0" E;
Aliases (In other languages): Bahasa Indonesia: Suriah Deutsch: Syrien English: Syria Française: Syrie Italiano: Siria Nederlands: Syrië Norsk bokmål: Syria Polski: Syria Português: Síria Română: Siria Slovenčina: Sýria Suomi: Syyria Svenska: Syrien Türkçe: Suriye Ελληνικά: Συρία Беларуская: Сірыя Български: Сирия Еspañol: Siria Русский: Сирия Українська: Сирія العربية: سورية فارسی: سوریه हिन्दी: सीरिया 中國: 叙利亚 日本語: シリア 한국어: 시리아
More names:
Al-Sham, Al-Suriyah, Al Iqlim as Suri, Al Iqlim ash Shamali, Al Iqlīm as Sūrī, Al Iqlīm ash Shamālī, Al Jumhuriyah al `Arabiyah as Suriyah, Al Jumhūrīyah al ‘Arabīyah as Sūrīyah, An tSiria, Arabike Demokratia tes, Aram, Arām, El Sham, El Suriya, Es Suriya, Esh Sham, La Syrie, Northern Region, Orileede Siria, Orílẹ́ède Siria, Sham, Silia, Siri, Siria - swryt, Siria - سورية, Siria nutome, Sirie, Sirii, Sirija, Sirijs'ka Arabs'ka Respublika, Sirijska Arabska Republika, Sirijskaja Arabskaja Respublika, Sirio, Siriya, Siriya, Sirië, Sirja, Sirya, Siryjskaa Arabskaa Respublika, Sirí, Sirïi, Sueriyaen, Sueueria, Suri, Suria, Surie, Suriya, Suriyah, Suuriya, Syri, Syrian Arab Republic, Syrian Region, Syriska, Syrland, Syrska arabska republika, Sziria, Sziriai Arab Koeztarsasag, Szíria, Szíriai Arab Köztársaság, Súria, Sûrî, Süriyän, Süüria, Sýrie, Sýrland, Sýrska arabská republika, Sīlia, Sīrija, Sūrīyah, Xi-ri, Xi-ri (Syria), ciriya, i-Syria, prathes sireiy, sham, shiria, silia, sireiy, siri'a, siria, siriya, swrya, swryh, swryt, swwrya, syrya, xu li ya, Αραβική Δημοκρατία της, Сири, Сирийска Арабска Република, Сирийская Арабская Республика, Сирија, Сирійська Арабська Республіка, Сірыйская Арабская Рэспубліка, Сѷрїꙗ, Սիրիա, סוריה, סיריע, الجمهورية العربية السورية, سوريا, سوريه, سووریا, سیریا, شام, ܣܘܪܝܐ, सिरिया, সিরিয়া, সিরিয়া, સીરિયા, ସିରିଆ, சிரியா, సిరియా, ಸಿರಿಯಾ, സിറിയ, ซีเรีย, ประเทศซีเรีย, ຊິເລຍ, ဆီးရီးယား, სირია, ሲሪያ, ស៊ីរី, シリア・アラブ共和国

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Weather Forecast in Syria Country

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