Armenia (/ɑrˈmiːniə/, /ɑrˈmiːnjə/ Armenian: Հայաստան Hayastan), officially the Republic of Armenia (Armenian: Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն, Hayastani Hanrapetut’yun), is a mountainous country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, the de facto independent Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and Azerbaijan to the east, and Iran and the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan to the south.
Armenia is a unitary, multi-party, democratic nation-state with an ancient cultural heritage. The Kingdom of Armenia was established in the 6th century BC, after the fall of Urartu; it became the first state in the world to adopt Christianity as its official religion, in the early years of the 4th century (the traditional date is 301 AD). For this reason, Armenia is often referred to as the "first Christian nation." An Armenian principality and later a kingdom, known as Cilician Armenia, existed on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea between the 11th and 14th centuries.
Between the 16th and early 19th century, the traditional Armenian homeland composed of Eastern Armenia and Western Armenia came under rule of the rivaling Ottoman and Persian Empires, often being passed between the former and the latter during the course of centuries, with all its native peoples inside it.
By the mid 19th century, Eastern Armenia had been conquered by Russia over Persia, while most of the western parts of the traditional Armenian homeland still remained under Ottoman rule. During World War I, the Armenians living in their ancestral lands in the Ottoman Empire were systematically exterminated in the Armenian Genocide. After almost 600 years of statelessness, Armenia was able to become independent in 1918; however, the First Republic of Armenia was surrounded by hostile countries that forcibly ended its independence in 1920. Between 1920 and 1991, Armenia was part of the Soviet Union. The modern Republic of Armenia became independent in 1991.
The Republic of Armenia recognizes the Armenian Apostolic Church, the world's oldest national church, as the country's primary religious establishment. Armenians have their own unique alphabet, which was invented by Mesrop Mashtots in 405 AD.
Armenia is a member of the Council of Europe and the Collective Security Treaty Organization. Armenia supports the de-facto independent Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, which was proclaimed in 1991.
|Latitude: 40°0'0" N; Longitude: 45°0'0" E;|
|Bahasa Indonesia: ArmeniaDeutsch: ArmenienEnglish: ArmeniaFrançaise: ArménieItaliano: ArmeniaNederlands: ArmeniëNorsk bokmål: ArmeniaPolski: ArmeniaPortuguês: ArmêniaRomână: ArmeniaSlovenčina: ArménskoSuomi: ArmeniaSvenska: ArmenienTürkçe: ErmenistanΕλληνικά: ΑρμενίαБеларуская: АрменіяБългарски: АрменияЕspañol: ArmeniaРусский: АрменияУкраїнська: Арменіяالعربية: ارمينيافارسی: ارمنستانहिन्दी: अर्मेनिया中國: 亚美尼亚日本語: アルメニア한국어: 아르메니아|