Bolivia (/bəˈlɪviə/, Spanish: [boˈliβja], Quechua: Buliwya, Aymara: Wuliwya), officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Spanish: Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia locally: [esˈtaðo pluɾinasjoˈnal de βoˈliβja]), is a landlocked country located in western-central South America. It is bordered by Brazil to the north and east, Paraguay and Argentina to the south, Chile to the southwest, and Peru to the west.
Prior to Spanish colonization, the Andean region of Bolivia was a part of the Inca Empire while the northern and eastern lowlands where inhabited by independent tribes. Spanish conquistadors arriving from Cuzco and Asunción took control of the region in the 16th century. During most of the Spanish colonial period, Bolivia was known as Upper Peru and was under the administration of the Royal Court of Charcas. After the first call for independence in 1809, 16 years of war followed before the establishment of the Republic, named for Simón Bolívar, on 6 August 1825. Bolivia has struggled through periods of political instability and economic woes. Until 1935 Bolivia ceded various peripheral territories to its neighbors including Acre, parts of the Gran Chaco and its coast.
Bolivia is a democratic republic that is divided into nine departments. Its geography is varied from the peaks of the Andes in the West, to the Eastern Lowlands, situated within the Amazon Basin. It is a developing country, with a Medium Human Development Index score, and a poverty level of 53%. Its main economic activities include agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining, and manufacturing goods such as textiles, clothing, refined metals, and refined petroleum. Bolivia is very wealthy in minerals, especially tin.
The Bolivian population, estimated at 10 million, is multiethnic, including Amerindians, Mestizos, Europeans, Asians and Africans. The main language spoken is Spanish, although the Guarani, Aymara and Quechua languages are also common, and all four, as well as 34 other indigenous languages, are official. The large number of different cultures within Bolivia has contributed greatly to a wide diversity in fields such as art, cuisine, literature, and music.
|Latitude: 17°0'0" S; Longitude: 65°0'0" W;|
|Bahasa Indonesia: BoliviaDeutsch: BolivienEnglish: BoliviaFrançaise: BolivieItaliano: BoliviaNederlands: BoliviaNorsk bokmål: BoliviaPolski: BoliwiaPortuguês: BolíviaRomână: BoliviaSlovenčina: BolíviaSuomi: BoliviaSvenska: BoliviaTürkçe: BolivyaΕλληνικά: ΒολιβίαБеларуская: БалівіяБългарски: БоливияЕspañol: BoliviaРусский: БоливияУкраїнська: Болівіяالعربية: بوليفيافارسی: بولیویहिन्दी: बोलिविया中國: 玻利维亚日本語: ボリビア한국어: 볼리비아|