The Falkland Islands (/ˈfɔːlklənd/; Spanish: Islas Malvinas [malˈβinas]) are an archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean on the Patagonian Shelf. The principal islands are about 300 miles (500 km) east of the southern Patagonian coast, at a latitude of about 52°S. The archipelago, with an area of 4,700 square miles (12,200 km²), comprises East Falkland, West Falkland and 776 smaller islands. As a British overseas territory, the Falklands have internal self-governance, with the United Kingdom taking responsibility for their defence and foreign affairs. The islands' capital is Stanley, on East Falkland.
Controversy exists over the Falklands' discovery and subsequent colonisation by Europeans. At various times, the islands have had French, British, Spanish, and Argentine settlements. Britain reasserted its rule in 1833, although Argentina maintained its claim to the islands. In 1982, after Argentina's invasion of the islands, the Falklands War resulted in the surrender of Argentine forces and the return of the islands to British administration.
The population (2,932 inhabitants in 2012) primarily consists of native Falkland Islanders, the majority of British descent. Other ethnicities include French, Gibraltarian and Scandinavian. Immigration from the United Kingdom, the South Atlantic island of Saint Helena, and Chile has reversed a population decline. The predominant (and official) language is English. Under the British Nationality (Falkland Islands) Act 1983, Falkland Islanders are legally British citizens.
The islands lie on the boundary of the subarctic and temperate maritime climate zones, with both major islands having mountain ranges reaching 2,300 feet (700 m). They are home to large bird populations, although many no longer breed on the main islands because of competition from introduced species. Major economic activities include fishing, tourism and sheep farming, with an emphasis on high-quality wool exports. Oil exploration, licensed by the Falkland Islands Government, remains controversial as a result of maritime disputes with Argentina.
|Falkland Islands (Malvinas)|
|Latitude: 51°47'47" S; Longitude: 59°31'25" W;|
|Bahasa Indonesia: Falkland, KepulauanDeutsch: Falklandinseln (Malvinas)English: Falkland Islands (Malvinas)Française: MalouinesItaliano: Isole FalklandNederlands: FalklandeilandenNorsk bokmål: FalklandsøyenePolski: FalklandyPortuguês: Ilhas FalklandRomână: Insulele FalklandSlovenčina: FalklandySuomi: FalklandinsaaretSvenska: FalklandsöarnaTürkçe: Falkland AdalarıΕλληνικά: Νήσοι ΦώκλαντБеларуская: Фалклендскія астравыБългарски: Фолклендски островиЕspañol: Islas MalvinasРусский: Фолклендские островаУкраїнська: Фолклендські (Мальвінські) островиالعربية: جزر فوكلاند (مالفيناس)فارسی: جزایر فالکندहिन्दी: फाकलैंड द्वीप समूह (मालविनास)中國: 马尔维纳斯群岛（福克兰）日本語: フォークランド（マルビナス）諸島한국어: 포클랜드 제도|