The Marshall Islands, officially the Republic of the Marshall Islands (Marshallese: Aolepān Aorōkin M̧ajeļ), is an island country located in the northern Pacific Ocean. Geographically, the country is part of the larger island group of Micronesia, with the population of 68,480 people spread out over 24 low-lying coral atolls, comprising 1,156 individual islands and islets. The islands share maritime boundaries with the Federated States of Micronesia to the west, Wake Island to the north, Kiribati to the south-east, and Nauru to the south. The most populous atoll is Majuro, which also acts as the capital.
Micronesian colonists gradually settled the Marshall Islands during the 2nd millennium BC, with inter-island navigation made possible using traditional stick charts. Islands in the archipelago were first explored by Europeans in the 1520s, with Spanish explorer Alonso de Salazar sighting an atoll in August 1526. Other expeditions by Spanish and English ships followed, with the islands' current name stemming from British explorer John Marshall (1788). Recognised as part of the Spanish East Indies in 1874, the islands were sold to the German Empire in 1884, and became part of German New Guinea in 1885. In World War I the Empire of Japan occupied the Marshall Islands, which the League of Nations joined with other former German territories in 1919, to form the South Pacific Mandate. In World War II, the islands were conquered by the United States in the Gilbert and Marshall Islands campaign. Along with other Pacific Islands, the Marshall Islands were then consolidated into the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands governed by the US. Self-government was achieved in 1979, and full sovereignty in 1986, under a Compact of Free Association with the United States.
Politically, the Marshall Islands is a presidential republic in free association with the United States, with the US providing defense, funding grants, and providing access to social services. With few natural resources, the islands' wealth is based on a service economy, as well as some fishing and agriculture, with a large percentage of the islands' gross domestic product represented by aid from the United States. The country uses the United States dollar as its currency.
The majority of citizens of the Marshall Islands are of Marshallese descent, with small numbers of immigrants from the Philippines and other Pacific islands. The two official languages are Marshallese, a member of the Malayo-Polynesian languages, and English. Almost the entire population of the islands practises some religion, with three-quarters of the country either following the United Church of Christ – Congregational in the Marshall Islands (UCCCMI) or the Assemblies of God.
|Latitude: 7°7'53" N; Longitude: 171°11'2" E;|
|Bahasa Indonesia: Marshall, KepulauanDeutsch: MarshallinselnEnglish: Marshall IslandsFrançaise: Îles Marshall (pays)Italiano: Isole MarshallNederlands: MarshalleilandenNorsk bokmål: MarshalløyenePolski: Wyspy MarshallaPortuguês: Ilhas MarshallRomână: Insulele MarshallSlovenčina: Marshallove ostrovySuomi: MarshallinsaaretSvenska: MarshallöarnaTürkçe: Marshall AdalarıΕλληνικά: Νήσοι ΜάρσαλБеларуская: Маршалавы АстравыБългарски: Маршалови островиЕspañol: Islas MarshallРусский: Маршалловы ОстроваУкраїнська: Маршаллові Островиالعربية: جزر مارشالفارسی: جزایر مارشالहिन्दी: मार्शल द्वीपसमूह中國: 马绍尔群岛日本語: マーシャル諸島한국어: 마셜 제도|