Norfolk Island (/ˈnɔrfək ˈaɪlənd/; Norfuk: Norf'k Ailen) is a small island in the Pacific Ocean located between Australia, New Zealand and New Caledonia, 1,412 kilometres (877 mi) directly east of mainland Australia's Evans Head, and about 900 kilometres (560 mi) from Lord Howe Island. The island is part of the Commonwealth of Australia, but it enjoys a large degree of self-governance. Together with two neighbouring islands, it forms one of Australia's external territories. It has 2,300 people living on 35 km2. Its capital is Kingston.
Originally settled by East Polynesians, Norfolk Island was colonised by Great Britain as part of its settlement of Australia in 1788. The island served as a convict penal settlement until May 1855, except for an 11-year hiatus between 1814 and 1825, when it was abandoned. In 1856 permanent civilian residence on the island began when it was settled from Pitcairn. In 1901, the island became a part of the Commonwealth of Australia which it has remained until this day.
The evergreen Norfolk Island pine is a symbol of the island and thus pictured on its flag. Native to the island, the pine is a key export industry for Norfolk Island, being a popular ornamental tree on mainland Australia, where two related species grow, and also in Europe.
|Latitude: 29°2'27" S; Longitude: 167°57'18" E;|
|Bahasa Indonesia: Norfolk, PulauDeutsch: Norfolk-InselEnglish: Norfolk IslandFrançaise: Île NorfolkItaliano: Isola NorfolkNederlands: NorfolkNorsk bokmål: NorfolkøyaPolski: NorfolkPortuguês: Ilha de NorfolqueRomână: Insula NorfolkSlovenčina: NorfolkSuomi: NorfolkinsaariSvenska: NorfolkönTürkçe: Norfolk AdasıΕλληνικά: Νησί ΝόρφολκБеларуская: Востраў НорфалкБългарски: Остров НорфолкЕspañol: NorfolkРусский: Остров НорфолкУкраїнська: Острів Норфолкالعربية: جزيرة نورفولكفارسی: جزیره نورفولکहिन्दी: नोरफॉक द्वीप中國: 诺福克岛日本語: ノーフォーク島한국어: 노퍽 섬|