The Turks and Caicos Islands (/ˈtɜrks/ and /ˈkeɪkəs/ / /ˈkeɪkoʊs/ / /ˈkeɪkɒs/ TCI) are a British Overseas Territory consisting of the larger Caicos Islands and smaller Turks Islands, two groups of tropical islands in the Lucayan Archipelago, part of the larger Antilles island grouping. They are known primarily for tourism and as an offshore financial centre. The total population is about 31,500, of whom 23,769 live on Providenciales in the Caicos Islands.
The Turks and Caicos Islands lie southeast of Mayaguana in the Bahamas island chain and north of the island of Hispaniola. Cockburn Town, the capital since 1766, is situated on Grand Turk Island about 1,042 kilometres (647 mi) east-southeast of Miami, United States. The islands have a total land area of 430 square kilometres (170 sq mi). They are geographically contiguous with the Bahamas, but are politically separate.
The first recorded sighting of the islands now known as the Turks and Caicos occurred in 1512. In the subsequent centuries, the islands were claimed by several European powers with the British Empire eventually gaining control. For many years the islands were governed indirectly through Bermuda, the Bahamas, and Jamaica. When the Bahamas gained independence in 1973, the islands received their own governor and have remained a separate autonomous British Overseas Territory since. In August 2009, the United Kingdom suspended the Turks and Caicos Islands' self-government after allegations of ministerial corruption. Home rule was restored in the islands after the November 2012 elections.
|Turks and Caicos Islands|
|Latitude: 21°41'38" N; Longitude: 71°47'52" W;|
|Bahasa Indonesia: Turks dan Caicos, KepulauanDeutsch: Turks-und CaicosinselnEnglish: Turks and Caicos IslandsFrançaise: Îles Turques-et-CaïquesItaliano: Turks e CaicosNederlands: Turks- en CaicoseilandenNorsk bokmål: Turks- og CaicosøyenePolski: Turks i CaicosPortuguês: Ilhas Turcas e CaicosRomână: Insulele Turks și CaicosSlovenčina: Turks a CaicosSuomi: Turks- ja CaicossaaretSvenska: Turks- och CaicosöarnaTürkçe: Turks ve Caicos AdalarıΕλληνικά: Τερκς και ΚάικοςБеларуская: Цёркс і КайкасБългарски: Търкс и КайкосЕspañol: Islas Turcas y CaicosРусский: Тёркс и КайкосУкраїнська: Острови Теркс і Кайкосالعربية: جزر توركس وكايكوسفارسی: جزایر تورکس و کایکوسहिन्दी: तुर्क एंड कैकोस द्वीपसमूह中國: 特克斯和凯科斯群岛日本語: タークス・カイコス諸島한국어: 터크스 케이커스 제도|